Why did Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) marry many wives??

Why did prophet Mohammad (pbuh) marry many wives, and who were they, their names and brief background on each one of them (may Allah bless them all)

  • When people hear that the prophet had many wives they conclude without much thought that the prophet was a sensuous man. However, a quick historical review of his marriages, proves otherwise. When he was twenty-five years old he married for the first time. His wife, Khadijah, was fifteen years older than him. She remained the only wife of the prophet for the next twenty-five years, until she died (may Allah be pleased with her).

  • Only after her death, did the prophet marry other women. Now, it is obvious that if the prophet was after physical pleasure he did not have to wait until he was more than fifty years old to start marrying more wives. He lived in a society in which it was quite acceptable to have many wives. But the prophet remained devoted to his only wife for twenty-five years. When she died she was sixty-five years old.

  • His later marriages were for various reasons. Some marriages were with the view to help the women whose husbands had been killed while they were defending their faith. Others were with a view to cement relationships with devoted followers like Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him. Yet others were to build bridges with various tribes who were otherwise at war with the Muslims. When the prophet became their relative through marriage, their hostilities calmed down, and much bloodshed was averted. Recent non-Muslim writers who had the opportunity to study the life of the prophet first-hand reach a similar conclusion about his plural marriages.

  • John L. Esposito, Professor of Religion and Director of the Centre for International Studies at the College of the Holy Cross, says that most of these marriages had “political and social motives” (Islam: The Straight Path, Oxford University Press, 1988, p. 19). This he explained as follows: “As was customary for Arab chiefs, many were political marriages to cement alliances. Others were marriages to the widows of his companions who had fallen in combat and were in need of protection” (John L. Esposito, Islam: The Straight Path, pp. 19-20). Esposito reminds us of the following historical fact: “Though less common, polygyny was also permitted in biblical and even in postbiblical Judaism. From Abraham, David, and Solomon down to the reformation period, polygyny was practiced” (p. 19).

  • Another non-Muslim Caesar E. Farah writes as follows: “In the prime of his youth and adult years Muhammad remained thoroughly devoted to Khadijah and would have none other for consort. This was an age that looked upon plural marriages with favor and in a society that in pre-Biblical and post-Biblical days considered polygamy an essential feature of social existence. David had six wives and numerous concubines (2 Samuel 5:13; 1 Chronicles 3:1-9, 14:3) and Solomon was said to have had as many as 700 wives and 300 concubines (1 Kings 11:3). Solomon’s son Rehoboam had 18 wives and 60 concubines (2 Chronicles 11:21). The New Testament contains no specific injunction against plural marriages. It was commonplace for the nobility among the Christians and Jews to contract plural marriages. Luther spoke of it with toleration” (Caesar E. Farah, Islam: Beliefs and Observances, 4th edition, Barron’s, U.S. 1987, p. 69). Caesar Farah then concluded that Muhammad’s plural marriages were due “partly to political reasons and partly to his concern for the wives of his companions who had fallen in battle defending the nascent Islamic community” (p. 69).

    1. KHADIJAH : She was 40 years old when she proposed to marry the Prophet when he was 25 years old. After 15years of their marriage he became a prophet. She had been married twice before she married Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Her first husband was Aby Haleh Al Tamemy and her second husband was Oteaq Almakzomy. They had both died leaving Khadijah a widower. Khadijah died in 621A.D. This was the same year the Prophet ascended into heaven (Meraj).

    2. SAWDA BINT ZAM’A: Her first husband was Al Sakran Ibn Omro Ibn Abed Shamz. He died within a few days after his return from Ethiopia. She was 65 years old, poor, and had no one to care for her. This was why Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) married her.

    3. AISHA SIDDIQA: A woman named Kholeah Bint Hakeem suggested that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) marry Aishah, the daughter of Aby Bakr, to form a close relationship with Aby Bakr’s family. She was already engaged to Jober Ibn Al Moteam Ibn Oday. At this time Jober was not yet a Muslim. The people of Makkah did not object to Aishah becoming married because although she was young, she was mature enough to understand the responsibility of marriage. Prophet Muhammad (bpuh) was engaged to Aishah for 2 years before he married her. Aby Bakr was the first leader after Prophet Muhammad’s (pbuh) death.

    4. HAFSAH BINT U’MAR : She was the daughter of Omar, the second Calipha. Omar asked Othman to marry Hafsah. Othman refused because his wife had recently died and Othman did not want to remarry. Omar then went to Aby Bakr but he also refused to marry Hafsah. Aby Bakr knew that the Prophet had already considered marrying Hafsah. Omar then went to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and complained that Othman and Aby Bakr did not want to marry his daughter. The Prophet told Omar that his daughter will marry and Othman will also remarry. Othman married the daughter of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), Om Kolthoom, and Hafsah married the Prophet. This made Omar and Othman both happy.

    5. ZAYNAB BINT KHUZAYMA: Her husband died in the battle of Uhud, leaving her poor and with several children. She was old when Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) married her. She died 3 months after she married the Prophet 625 A.D.

    6. SALAMA BINT UMAYYA: Her husband, Abud Allah Abud Al Assad Ibn Al Mogherah, died leaving Hend poor and with many children. Hend was at least 65 years old at the time. Aby Bakr and several others asked her to marry them, but because she loved her husband very much, she refused the marriage’s offers. But finally she accepted Prophet mohammad’s offer to marry her and take care of her children.

    7. ZAYNAB BINT JAHSH: She was the daughter of Prophet Muhammad’s aunt, Omameh Bint Abud Almutaleb. The Prophet arranged for Zaynab to marry Zayed Ibn Hareathah Al Kalby. This marriage did not last and the Prophet received a verse in the Quran which stated that if they became divorced, then the Prophet must marry Zaynab (Sura 33:37).

    8. JUWAYRIYA BINT AL-HARITH: Her first husband’s name was Masafeah Ibn Safuan. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) wanted Juayreah’s tribe (Beni Al Mostalag)to convert to Islam. Juayreah became a prisoner after the Muslims won the Battle of Al Mostalaq. Juayreah’s father came to the Prophet and offered a payment for her return. The Prophet asked her father to give her a choice. When she was given a choice she said she accepted Islam and Prophet Muhammad as the last God’s Messenger. The Prophet then married her. Her tribe of Beni Almostalag accepted Islam.

    9. SAFIYYA BINT HUYAYY: She was from the tribe of Beni Nadir, who were from the children of Levi (Israel). She was married twice before, then she married Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Her first husband Salam Ibn Moshkem, and her second husband was Kenanah Ibn Al Rabeeah.

    10. UMMU HABIBA BINT SUFYAN: Her first husband was Aubed Allah Jahish. He was the son of the aunt of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Aubed Allah died in Ethiopia. The king of Ethiopia arranged the marriage of Ramelah to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

    11. MAYAMUNA BINT AL-HARITH : She was 26years old when she married Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Her first husband was Abu Rahma Ibn Abed Alzey. When the Prophet opened Makkah in 630 AD , she came to the Prophet, accepted Islam and proposed to marry him. Her actions encouraged Many Makkahans to accept Islam and Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

    12. MARIA AL-QABTIYYA : She was sent to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) as a hand maid servant from the king of Egypt. Maria had a son from the Prophet. His name was Ibrahim.

    muslimah.jpg

Compiled from various sources.Permission is granted to circulate among private individuals and groups, to post on.Internet sites and to publish in full text and subject title in not-for-profit publications.

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29 Comments (+add yours?)

  1. iekin
    Feb 16, 2008 @ 17:28:37

    SALAM…..SO FAR IT IS GOOD!!!!!CONGRATE 2 ALL……..WSLM(**,)

    Reply

  2. yuro
    Apr 06, 2008 @ 00:20:21

    subhanallah……………………………..

    anda benar ……………………………..

    Reply

  3. rohisku
    May 12, 2008 @ 08:51:48

    assalamualaikum
    jslin ukhush selalu tuk panjang kan usiamu

    Reply

  4. Trackback: Mengapa Nabi Muhammad (SAW) mempunyai banyak istri? « deltapapa.com
  5. ahmed zahran
    Jul 30, 2008 @ 16:54:30

    ALLAH AKBAR

    Reply

  6. mohammad moin-e- yazdani
    Aug 03, 2008 @ 10:01:56

    salamalaikom,sobhanallah.ahsantom.
    can you link me?my first language is persian.
    thank you,hasbonaallah.

    Reply

  7. EIYTA
    Sep 08, 2008 @ 09:02:38

    SESUNGGUHNYA ALLAH TELAH MENGURNIAKAN KELEBIHAN PADA LELAKI UNTUH BERKAHWIN MELEBIHI SEORANG N X LEBIH DARI 4 ORANG..MAKA,BERLAKU ADILLAH KAMU TERHADAP ISTERI2 YANG TERCINTA.

    Reply

  8. Trackback: Abdul’s Blog » Blog Archive » Cara Memilih Istri
  9. Salman
    Oct 22, 2008 @ 00:05:18

    Thanks for writing such an erudite piece. Good Job…Keep it up.

    Reply

  10. Muslimah_islamic (syamimy)
    Jan 31, 2009 @ 20:23:07

    thank you 4 the info….. nice blog.. keep it up..

    Reply

  11. Tajia
    Mar 19, 2009 @ 05:12:49

    sorry for my spelling mistakes

    Reply

  12. nana
    Apr 05, 2009 @ 12:56:36

    aslmKm, minta gambar’y Ye…JzK!!

    Reply

  13. karim
    Aug 04, 2009 @ 13:10:12

    this is for you man .

    Reply

  14. karim
    Aug 04, 2009 @ 13:11:05

    mashullah this is very good site for all muslim people.

    Reply

  15. ali
    Sep 10, 2009 @ 07:24:08

    thank you 4 the info….. nice blog

    Reply

  16. Rashid
    Dec 16, 2009 @ 15:08:31

    subhanALLAH………….. may ALLAH bless his shower of blessing on you & your family

    Reply

  17. mohammed maheen
    Jan 17, 2010 @ 06:08:59

    subahan allah its awesome brother……… may allah ata u jannah….

    Reply

  18. amina
    Feb 01, 2010 @ 16:54:16

    As salaamu alaikum. MashaAllah good post!

    Reply

  19. maryam cyrus
    Apr 29, 2010 @ 05:24:04

    excellent…..

    Reply

  20. nafisa
    Jul 31, 2010 @ 22:10:54

    Masallah,Subhanallah the wives of prophet Muhammad were very lucky to marry the prophet Muhammad, they must have had the best life ever with the Prophet Muhammad.

    Reply

  21. anisa
    Jul 31, 2010 @ 22:16:23

    Subhanallah…………..
    May Allah bless the prophet Muhammad and his wives!
    Oh allah shower all your love on the prophet Muhammaed, his children and his wives.

    OH ALLAH BLESS THEM FOR A NAPPY LIFE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    Reply

  22. Mustafa
    May 23, 2011 @ 04:08:50

    I follow Islam…i belong from a Muslim family…but if i like a non-muslim girl [Hindu Girl] then can i marry her ?
    But i won’t force her to convert herself to Islam…

    Reply

  23. Afraz Koya
    Aug 19, 2011 @ 18:40:46

    Masha Allah….A great job..the articles gives insight to many muslims as well as non-muslims…May allah pour his rahma on whoever behind this article…Jazakallah Khair.

    May Allah bless the prophet Muhammad and his wives and his children.

    SubhanaLLAH

    Reply

  24. veron
    Aug 28, 2011 @ 11:09:28

    thr is alots of poor female and widows in present day..
    all islam man shld follow prophets foot step….
    all islam females shld encourage their husband to remarry poor female and widows
    may thr be no orphanage homes

    Reply

  25. Sami Ullah Wazir
    Oct 16, 2011 @ 00:26:39

    These are very useful informations. the wives of prophet (S.A.W) are our mothers and we should respect them

    Reply

  26. kamal
    Nov 20, 2011 @ 16:57:40

    allah akber

    Reply

  27. Tunde Taiwo
    Feb 28, 2012 @ 23:31:11

    Did he need to marry them before he could help them? Those that were married as a result of their husbands’ death in the war, did he had sex with them? If no, then that is a punishment not a help any longer. Please note that my question is in order to know but not to criticize.

    Reply

  28. ADDULRASHID
    Mar 09, 2012 @ 19:09:11

    DIS IS A WONDERFUL JOB. MAY ALLAH CONTINUE TO HELP, AMEEN

    Reply

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